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【上苑评述】大卫 布鲁贝克(David Brubaker)在“超结构”展的发言 .

[2023-8-2 19:09:17]


【上苑评述】大卫 布鲁贝克(David Brubaker)在“超结构”展的发言





David Brubaker(left), American Art Research Scholars

大卫·布鲁贝克(左),美国艺术研究学者


      Welcome everyone to this opening of “Superstructuralism.” This exhibition title raises many questions. First, the theme of Superstructuralism connects ideas from quantum theory to the making of contemporary artworks. What is quantum theory? How is it relevant to appreciating the artworks here? Second, there is the response of the artists to the theme of the exhibition. In my opinion, the artists have met the challenge.  How then do they  open up and expand the topic?

      欢迎大家参加“超结构主义”展的开幕式。这个展览名称提出了许多问题。首先,超结构主义的主题将量子理论的思想与当代艺术品的制作联系起来。什么是量子理论?它与欣赏这里的艺术品有什么关系?其次,是艺术家对展览主题的回应。在我看来,艺术家们已经迎接了挑战。那么他们是如何打开话题并展开之的呢?

      Let’s start with some of the thoughts about Superstructualism. As you can read in the forward printed on the wall, the term refers to a group of features: going beyond daily space-time, developing a new direction for the human soul and humanity, connecting art with literature and science, and moving from art to non-art. The result is new types of art, such as wave art, parallel art, black hole art.

      让我们从一些关于“超结构主义”的想法开始。正如你从墙上前言中读到的那样,这个词指的是一组特征:超越日常时空,为人类灵魂和人性开辟新的方向,将艺术与文学、科学联系起来,从艺术走向非艺术。结果产生了新的艺术类型,如波浪艺术、平行艺术、黑洞艺术。

      What are we to think about these features? We can ask first about the meaning of “daily space-time.” What is this ordinary or conventional way of perception? One possible meaning is the space-time of everyday things and objects, such as chairs or tables. Superstructuralism is a way of thinking that goes beyond human observation of things like that.  What is non-art? The idea here may be that art can move beyond traditional definitions of what art is. It is no longer limited to old ideas of realism; instead, artworks can be real things that convey scientific understanding.   

      我们该如何看待这些特性?可以先问一问“日常时空”的含义,这种普通而传统的感知方式到底是什么?一种可能的含义是,日常事物的时空,如椅子或桌子(周围的时空)。超结构主义是一种超越人类观察事物(一般模式)的思维方式。什么是非艺术?这可能是说,艺术可以超越传统的艺术定义,不再局限于旧的现实主义观念。相反地,艺术品可以是传达科学理解的真实事物。

      How is this connected to quantum theory? This is hard to say when quantum theory poses so many puzzles. But this is a start: According to quantum theory, it is only possible to describe your own observations. So what is human life? It is multiple observers who exist in parallel with each other. What is the universe? It is multiple points of observation that interact with each other. All these points of observation can be thought of as the energy and structure of the universe.

      这与量子理论有何联系呢?量子理论已经带给(我们)如此多的困惑,所以很难说清楚。但这还只是开始:根据量子理论,你只能描述自己的观测结果(却不能认识全部事实)。那么,人的生命到底是什么呢?也许可能是多个相互平行存在的观察者。宇宙是什么?也许是多个观察点的相互作用。所有这些观察点都可以被认为是宇宙的能量和结构。

      How does this fit the art here today? Have a look. Can you find paintings about human figures that interact, and where each figure also observes from its own space? You can see birds observing humans, and you can find humans imagining what it is like to be a bird. You can see artworks that imagine what it is like to be a fish. You can find artworks about observing human life in multiple ways; for example, the human is thought of an electronic function or device. You can find cities observed from above that are all connected by a glow of pure energy.     

      而这与今天这里展出的艺术有什么关系呢?看一看你能找到关于人物互动的绘画吗?每个人物都在自己的空间里观察吗?你可以看到鸟类在观察人类,也可以看到人类在想象成为一只鸟是什么样子。你可以看到一些艺术品,想象成为一条鱼的感觉。你可以找到以多种方式观察人类生活的艺术品,例如人类可以被认为是一种具有电子功能的机器。你若俯视,可以发现城市都是由纯净能量所发出的微光连接在一起的。

      The artists also have more to say about observation. What is it to be a human observer? Are all perspectives describable by science? Some artists add a special message about where interactions between observers take place. Some imagine a more cosmic place from which multiple perspectives arise; call this Chaos. Others suggest a more human point of observation that comes before words and before scientific descriptions of interactions. For example, pages of poetry, with some words cut out, float out to create a space of emptiness. This emptiness is actual and right before your own eyes. It is a root of living and feelings of the heart.  

      艺术家们对观察(世界)有更多的发言权。作为一个人类观察者,意味着什么?所有观点都可以用科学描述吗?(本展中)一些艺术家(在作品中)添加了与观察者互动的特殊信息(和方式)。有些人想象一个更具宇宙观的地方,从那里可以产生多重视角——可称之为混沌。其他人则提出了一种更人性化的观察角度。这种观察先于语言,亦出现在互动的科学描述之前。例如,几页诗歌去掉一些字词,(字词)漂浮而出,便创造出一个虚的空间。这种空虚是真实的,就在你的眼前。它是生活的根源和心灵的感受。

      There is also art here about observing with your eyes closed. This is the perspective of after-images. Can you imagine the after-images observed by another? Another work is also about tables and sitting on chairs. This realm is actual for humans and should not be neglected.

      这里还有(可以引导人们)闭眼观察的艺术。这是后图像的透视图。你能想象别人观察到的残象吗?另一件作品也是关于桌子和坐在椅子上的(行为艺术)。这个领域对人类来说是真实的,不应该被忽视。

      So final thoughts? Tang Jun says that Superstructuralist theory contains ideas about the connection of multiple perspectives, and that these ideas have roots in classical Chinese philosophy. This is a strong point. Chinese philosophy also conveys the thought that things do not exist separately or apart from the individual observer.  This is to say that the natural life of a person includes the things that science can describe. Your natural life is also more than that. The exhibition suggests these points.  

      最后我想说的是什么呢。(超结构主义展策展人)汤军说,超结构主义理论包含了多视角相互联系的思想,这些思想植根于中国古典哲学。这是一个优点。中国哲学也传达了这样一种思想,即事物不是单独存在的,不能与观察者分离。也就是说,一个人的生命包含了科学可描述之物,且不止于此。本艺术展提出了这些观点。

      Ultimately, the idea for the exhibition is fruitful. The work here takes each of us closer to being human and alive. Enjoy the show.

      总而言之,艺术展的理念是富有成果的。这里的工作(与生活)使我们每个人都更接近于人类生命的本真。请享受这场展览吧。

David Brubaker, 2023.7.30.





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